Wednesday, October 29, 2014

Building an Android App to Communicate with the RN-42 Bluetooth Module

In this video we will build an Android App to communicate with the RN-42 Bluetooth module. The RN-42 is connected to Arduino Uno and the Android App we build turns on and off an LED connected to the Arduino. Below the video you will find the Arduino code and a link to download the Android App code (MIT Inventor 2 was used to build the Android App). Enjoy!



Link to download App Inventor 2 code (.aia file):
https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/26591541/AndroidBTExample.aia

Arduino Code:
/*
  This sketch is part of a tutorial for connecting to and communicating with an HC-06 or an RN-42 bluetooth module using a custom Android App. 
  The bluetooth modules are connected to an Arduino and the Arduino is connected to an LED. The Android app is used to wirelessly turn on and
  off the LED using  bluetooth. 

  This code is in the public domain.
 */

// Pin 7 has a LED connected to it
int led = 7;

// the setup routine runs once when you press reset:
void setup() {
  
  Serial.begin(9600);
  // initialize the digital pin as an output and set it low initially
  pinMode(led, OUTPUT);
  digitalWrite(led, LOW);
}

// the loop routine runs over and over again forever:
void loop() {
  delay(30);
  String t; //create an empty string to store messages from Android
  while(Serial.available()) { //keep reading bytes while they are still more in the buffer
    t += (char)Serial.read(); //read byte, convert to char, and append it to string
  }
  
  if(t.length()) { //if string is not empty do the following
    if(t == "on") { //if the string is equal to "on" then turn LED on
      digitalWrite(led, HIGH); //Set digital pin to high to turn LED on
      Serial.write("LED is on"); //Tell the Android app that the LED was turned on
    }
    else if (t == "off") { 
      digitalWrite(led, LOW);  
      Serial.write("LED is off");
    } // turn the LED off by making the voltage LOW
  }
}